Below is the Howard Cyber Center list of core skill domains.   Hands-on labs, challenges, and capture-the-flag (CTF) events are very popular approaches for developing these skills  (see link).  Each skill domain below has links to recommended content, activities, tools, and reference information:

Cybersecurity Skill Domains:

  1. General Foundational Skill Areas:
  2. Open Source Intelligence  
  3. Cryptography 
  4. Log Analysis   
  5. Scanning   
  6. Web Exploitation   
  7. Password Cracking  
  8. Network Traffic Analysis   
  9. Vulnerability Analysis (Recon, Scanning, Enumeration & Exploitation  
  10. Wireless Security  
  11. Forensics  

Learning Roadmap – Knowledge Unit Alignment: 

The attached roadmap is an example guide of the learning path for cybersecurity knowledge units by starting with  fundamental hands-on skills.  Cybersecurity learning is not linear and this diagram is meant only as a guide. 


  1. Cybersecurity Capture-the-flag (CTF) Competition Tips
  2. Recommended Tools for a CTF